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【托福培训】托福听力笔记如何记才能拿高分?


很多考生在托福听力备考的过程中,发现最难攻克的一项要属记笔记了,听着一篇conversation或是lecture,考生们都很迷茫应该要记点什么,怎么记,郑州朗阁托福培训中心的老师也曾经看到考生做的各种各样的笔记版本,其主要问题可以概括为以下几点:


1.听到什么就记什么,不加选择地记,试图记下每个单词

2.漏听的内容就干脆不记

3.只记一些细节,如数字地点人名,却忽略了主旨


郑州托福小编认为:其实我们在听托福听力的时候记笔记的目的首先是为了答题,托福听力题型和笔记关系密切,它考的三大类题型基本理解、实际理解和连接内容,所对应的具体题型,首先是主旨题和细节题,其中主旨题我们需要把握开头或是全篇大概意思就行了,而细节题相对依赖记笔记。其次实际理解题所对应的题型-重听题在一定程度上也比较依赖记笔记,尤其是重听时所做的笔记。最后,连接内容题非常依赖笔记,需要听到一些具体的细节并把信息连接起来才能做题。做笔记同时还可以帮助考生集中注意力,我们都知道听力对话和讲座持续4-6分钟,如此长的时间容易使考生走神,而做笔记的话可以使考生思路跟着录音走,有助于集中注意力。做笔记还可以帮助考生加深记忆,我们每个人短期记忆力都是有限的,光凭记忆力做题可能不够准确,因此会把题目做错。所以掌握正确的记笔记的方法对我们托福听力来说是至关重要的一步。那么Yuan先为大家介绍下记笔记的方法,然后再拿一篇conversation为例具体讲解。


郑州托福小编给大家推荐下托福听力记笔记的要点:

1.记录关键词(包括名词、动词、形容词等核心词,内容:新术语解释,介绍特点因素用途等)

2.一般用单词缩写符号,不使用完整的句子(比如我的习惯,M:main idea, Pr: professor等)

3.注意讲座中的信号词,尤其是表明讲座结构或变换话题的词(如:but, because, next, for example等)

4.关注高频重复词、重读停顿升调的地方、因为这些地方是高频的题点会设置主旨题或实际理解题

5.听重听的时候建议详细来记,这样给自己反复思索的时间,帮助回忆起录音提到这句话的大概位置

6.假如错过了一点内容,不要纠结,要继续往下听,因为重要的内容往往会重复

 

我们先来看一下对话的笔记,关于对话笔记形式,我一般会建议大家分栏来做,把笔记纸划成两栏,按照说话的顺序,左边一栏记录学生的话,右边一栏记录教授或是校园工作人员的话,而对话需要记的内容,无非就是三大块儿,也就是所谓的what, why和how。

a.What -对话开头寒暄之后,学生告诉对方自己遇到的问题(problem)→对应主旨题

b.Why - 教授或是校园工作人员会为学生分析问题的原因(analyze)→对应细节题重听题等

c.How - 最后分析完原因,自然会有对应的建议或是解决方案(solution)→对应推断题或其他

 

我们来看一个具体的例子,TPO9C2

S: Excuse me. Can you help me with something?

L: I'll do my best. What do you need?

S: Well, I've received a letter in my mailbox saying that I'm supposed to return a book that I checked out back in January, it's call "Modern Social Problems". But because I'm writing my senior thesis, I'm supposed to be able to keep the book all semester.

注意在对话开头学生抛出自己的问题,这里往往对应第一道题主旨题的答案,所以学生的问题我们要记下来

S:return a book (gist)   

L: So you signed up for extended borrowing privileges?

S: Yeah.

L: But we are still asking you to bring the book back?

S: En-hen.

L: Well, let me take a look and see what the computer says. The title was "Modern Social Problems"?

S: Yeah.

L: OK. Oh, I see, it's been recalled. You can keep it all semester as long as no one else requests it. But, someone else has. It looks like one of the professors in the sociology department requested it. So you have to bring it back, even though you've got extended borrowing privileges. You can check out the book again when it's returned in a couple of weeks.

S: But I really need this book right now.

L: Do you need all of it or is there a certain section or chapter you're working with?

S: I guess there is one particular chapter I've been using lately for a section of my thesis. Why?

L: Well, you can photocopy up to one chapter of the book. Why don't you do that for the chapter you're working on right now? And by the time you need the rest of the book, maybe it will have been returned. We can even do the photocopy for you because of the circumstances.

S: Oh, well, that would be great.

图书管理员帮助学生分析了问题原因,书被召回了,所以学生不得不还书。同时,还主动提出为学生复印

他需要的这个章节。我们刚才说过,分析问题的原因以及对方建议要记下来,所以这个部分我们需要把握的点如下:

S:return a book                  L: recalled

S:need it                       L:  photocopy a chapter

L: I see you've got some books there. Is that the one you were asked to return?

S: No, I left it in my dorm room. These are books I need to check out today. Is it Ok if I bring that one by in a couple of days?

L: Actually, you need to return it today. That is if you want to check out those books today. That's our policy.

S: Oh, I didn't know that.

L: Yeah, not a lot of people realize that. In fact, every semester we get a few students who have their borrowing privileges suspended completely because they have unreturned books. They're allowed to use books only in the library. They're not allowed to check anything out because of unreturned books.

S: That's not good. I guess I should hand back onto the dorm right now then.

对话中又引出另外一个问题,图书管理员提到了另外一些暂停借书权限的学生,这个时候要引起我们的注意,因为图书管理员这么提到他们一定有目的性,那就是提醒学生要当天还书如果他要借新新书的话,那么我们应记下:

S:books in dorm                  L: return today, or× borrow books → other students

L: But, before you go, what you should do is fill out a form requesting the book back in two weeks. You don't want to waste any time getting it back.

S: Thanks a lot. Now I don't feel quite so bad about having to return the book.

对话结尾图书管理员提醒学生填写表格以尽快拿到书,学生表示感谢。

S:?                          L:fill out a form

 

综合起来,这篇对话笔记如下:

S: return a book

S:need it

S:  books in dorm

 

S:  ?

L:recall

L: photocopy a chapter

L: return today, or ×borrow books- other students

     fill a form → get back

 

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