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【雅思培训】细说雅思听力中的定位词


雅思考试中雅思听力和雅思阅读两项听题和做题时都比较依赖对词和句的处理,特别是听力考试我们可以在答题前读到题目,找到雅思听力定位词是取得雅思听力高分的关键,从而在听音过程提取答案。这就要求我们不但要找对找准定位词而且在做题时要有效利用上,才能最大限度发挥定位词的功能和作用! 

 

首先,能成为定位词的词都是句子里的核心词,那么雅思听力核心词有哪些?它的特点又是什么?


郑州雅思小编认为:一般来讲,雅思听力核心词根据题目可以找到, 我们优先找的是动词,因为动词是一个句子的心脏,最能说明句子意思,所以核心动词是首要目标;其次是做主语或宾语的名词及起修饰限定作用的形容词副词,若是专有名词作为定位词更好,因为专有名词不容易被替换。所以,考生们在读题审题这个阶段划出名、动、形这些实词并不难,难点在于是否有效利用,很多同学题也审了,词也划了,听题时还是与正确答案擦肩而过。

先看一题:剑6-2-3

 

Q22   Work completed--- Spoken to Jean Prince

Head of the _______________

分析:题目中出现了人名Jean Prince,属专有名词,录音里不会发生转换,所以听题时听到Jean Prince时,应立即主动敏感,答案要出现。

原文:But I also thought it’d be worthwhile talking to a lecturer.

      Oh right . Who did you see ?

      Jean Prince . Do you know her? She ‘s in the Computer Center.

      Yes, of course , she is the new head.  

答案是Computer Center.部分同学在等head出现,但此类题目不行,因此有专有名词作为定位词时,一定充分利用上。

 剑6-1-3

Q25  College Facility---Computers

Ask your________ to arrange a password with the technical support team.

分析:题目里面Computers以专有名词出现,是学校的一项设备设施,空前有动词ask,空后有动词arrange及名词password和technical support team,似乎都是定位词了,但若是忽略了Computers,就非常容易掉入陷阱。


原文:Is there also access to computers?

Yes, your tutor will need to arrange with the technical support team for you to get a password , so ask him or her about it when you start the course.

答案词是tutor,因为computers一出现,答案就来了,其后的信息完全是干扰。

大家可能习惯于找名、动、形这些实词作为定位词,但定位词的种类有很多,题目设置上

也会综合考查,所以审题要全面,做题更要积极主动,被动跟随录音肯定会出现失误。

 

同样,剑5-1-3 Q 29&30  

To get a Diploma each student has to study ____________and then wok on _________ in depth.

问: And how many of these ‘modules’ would  I have to do to get the Diploma?

 

答:The current program is two modules--and then you have to choose a topic to work in more depth--but you can base that on your job……..

分析:大写的专有名词Diploma 很多同学不以为然,也就没利用上,只注意到了study和work这两个动词,但不管是题目还是录音原文Diploma都赫然在列,答案词two modules就非常显而易见了。

总结:专有名词有:学科名,建筑名,场所名称,书名,机构名,人名,国籍、地址、地名、主题(title)、月份、星期等等。

其次,题目中给出的时间,地点,比较级,最高级,程度词可以成为有效定位词

 

剑5 Test 2 Q 11

In 1993 Dan Pearman went to Ecuador

 A as a tourist guide

B as part of his studies

C as a voluntary worker

分析:审题时1993这个时间点很明显,speaker 以何种身份去Ecuador。预测答案在出现1993这个时间周围,没有这个时间定位的信息则为干扰信息。


原文:I went there in 1993 just after graduating from university. After three

years of studying, I wanted adventure . I loved travelling, so I decided to join

a voluntary organization and was sent to Ecuador to carry out land surveys.

1993后紧跟着after graduating from university,所以马上排除B选项,其后信息出现了voluntary organization,因此确定答案为C。

 

剑9T2S2Q14

As part of Monday’s activity ,visitors will

A prepare food with herbs

B meet a well-known herbalist

C  dye cloth with herbs


分析:题目里的时间是Monday,三个选项里的核心动词无相似之处,宾语也各不相同,听到Monday时注意找动词的转换及搭配宾语即可。

原文:on Monday you can learn about herbs , and how they’ve been used over the centuries . You’ll start with a tour of our herb garden , practice the technique of using them as color dyes for cloth , and listen to an illustrated talk about their use in cooking and medicine.

三种活动一字排开,start with a tour, 其次练习染色技能,最后听讲座,确定答案是C.

 

最后,比较级最高级作为定位词,可以把它看成特殊关键词。

剑7 Test 2 Q 34

A German study showed there was greater ‘mixed handedness’ in musicians who

A   started playing instruments in early youth

B   play a string instrument such as the violin

C   practice a great deal on their instrument

题目要求选出一种人,这种人有更高的左右手互用比例,题干中包含greater 这个明显的比较

级。在实际听题时,比较级的用词会发生同义转换,且这种比较关系的表达在录音中是一定

存在的。在填空题中若有比较表达方式,就把它当作特殊关键词来对待,守株待兔,听到

材料中的比较表达后就可得到答案。


原文: keyboard players had high levels of mixed handedness, whereas

string players like violinists strongly favored one hand. Also those

who started younger were more mixed handed.

分析:键盘手有很高的左右手互用比例,但选项无,弦乐器手倾向于用一只手,排除B.

第二句话里有提示词also,也有started younger和more mixed handed字眼,more和

greater构成转换,符合题意,started younger 和in early youth转换,因此答案选A。

 

剑5-1-4Q32

However, women are far more prepared to _________about them.

分析:空上填动词,空前有far more prepared比较级表达,等到比较关系即可

原文:he also said , ‘A woman ,having fewer pretensions ,is far more willing to learn’.

 

剑9-1-4Q38

Group Behavior---More strandings in the most _________species of whales.

分析:此题非常明显属于形容词最高级表达,审题无难度,听音对照相应表达即可。


原文:This is a particularly interesting theory since the whales that are thought to be most social---the toothed whales---are the group that strand the most frequently. 

答案词social, 几乎是原话表达。

 

 

剑10-1-4,lecture—Uses of  Nanotechnology纳米技术的应用,填空开始就出现了两道比较级题目

Q34  Nanotechnology could allow the development of stronger __________

Q36  Computers will be even smaller, faster, and will have a greater ______________

 

原文:Thanks to nanotechnology , there could be a breakthrough in the field of transportation with the production of more durable metals.

We need nanotechnology in order to create a new generation of computers that will work even faster and will have a million times more memory but will be about the size of a sugar

cube.


答案词分别是metals和memory,是否很明显?


所以,郑州雅思小编建议各位烤鸭们无论填空选择比较级最高级可以说是特征点很明显的定位词,碰到这样的题目,分数一定要拿到!


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