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【托福培训】如何听懂托福听力开头段落的重要性?



每次托福成绩出分的时候,很多考生就非常胆战心惊自己的托福听力分数:听不懂啊,可能是个位数的分数啊……而且官方对于大陆考生的托福听力平均分统计一直维持在18分左右。那么托福听力真的那么难吗?
 
常规操作与实际效果:

很多考生在备战托福考试时无非就是买一本托福单词书背诵、背诵话题单词、学习背景知识,但是在练习听力录音时就会出现以下情况:只能听个大概;基本听不懂细节;甚至主题都不知道是什么。


 
分数的前提条件:
的确是要背诵分类单词,的确要懂得背景知识,比如我们在学习自然科学的Astronomy的场景时,如果只是一味地背诵单词,而没有一些画面感场景,如流星、大流星体、陨星、彗星、间冰期等,就会感到云里雾里,毕竟这样的知识的接触在日常生活中是非常少的。而要背诵下来以上这些单词,就不要单纯地学习单词,更重要的是学习背景知识和看画面和图片的效果会更好,也会更加加深记忆--形象的内容更容易理解听力内容。


 
为什么“我”还是听不懂?


一切的必要因素都做好了,为什么还是听不懂呢?以下,朗阁托福培训中心的专家将从对话和讲座两方面分别进行分析,分析一下考生们在哪些环节还没有处理好。


 
一、注意对话的开始部分内容


开始内容包含:人物、地点。这样就可以根据有限的开始部分信息去预测接下来的内容展开:


A: TPO 3 (1): Listen to the conversation between a student and a receptionist at the Registrar’s office on the first day of the semester.
Student: excuse me, I am supposed to be having my physics class in the physics building, but no one is in the classroom. Could you tell me where the class is .........
预测:这个工作人员如何帮助解决这个问题。


 
B: TPO 33 (1): Listen to a conversationbetween a student and a university employee
- Hi, I am a little lost, is this the housing maintenance office?
- Yes, you found it.....
预测:开场白的地点就知道是设施坏了来保修的。


 
C: TPO 18 (1): Listen to a conversationbetween a student and a university career employee


当考生听到这里的时候就预测是和找工作相关的,但录音的开头却是这样的,这么长一段话:


- HI, I hope you help me, I come from ...nearby Chicago.
- Well, welcome to....university.... But Chicago is such a great city.... Why did you...?
- Everyone asks that, it is my hometown, it was sure.... I am interested the program here.
- ... How did you?
- Get interested in.......?
- My family hosted many exchange students ......
- And that led you to the program. Right now you are looking for a job…
 
在这里,朗阁托福培训中心的老师提醒考生们:听到了最前奏之后一定要耐心等待,耐心得听,也就是前面的暗示已经提醒考生们这个录音的要点了。
 
有些考生可能会问:那么前面听这么多有用吗?会有考题吗?我们还是看看考题的设置吧:

1. Why does the student go to the office?


2. Why did he transfer the university?


3. Why does the student mention hosting exchange student?


小小的开头信息竟然包含了三道题目!


 
同理,我们来看一下学术类对话:


A: TPO 5 (4): Listen to a conversationbetween a student and a professor.
I was wondering if i could talk with youabout the assignment in the film class....


预测:谈论电影的课程问题。
 



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B: TPO 22 (4); Listen to the conversation between and his musical history professor.
So I was wondering what I could do to improve my paper before the final draft is due.
Well, I have no problem with writing style. It is graceful.... But you wrote about about your grandma’s piano concert......
 
可以看出:无论是非学术还是学术类对话,最开始的前奏不要忽视,预测的内容一定与前奏是相符的。尽管要经过很长的开头后再进入主题,也要耐心等待,否则就会错过重要信息。


 
二、同理听好讲座的开场白


值得提醒考生的是,讲座的最前奏仅仅是汇报今天要讲什么学科而已,没有其他信息。这个时候,分辨是很长的开场白还是很短的开场白就需要我们长期的练习了。怎么样听出来讲座的开场白到哪里为止,要求考生按照写作的思路去理解。试想一下,任何一篇作文都有一个中心,也就是说我们直到要听到今日中心才算正式的预测成功。


A: TPO 26 (5): Astronomy (comets)
Ok, we have been looking at some of the smaller member of our solar system -comets. You already know about the structure of the comet. Lets’ continue our discussion now by talking about orbits,especially those of the so-called periodic- orbit comets. .............
 
B: TPO 18 (6): Biology class
Well, it is finally looking like spring is arriving. The last of winter snow would be melting away in a few days. So before we close today, I thought I would mention a biology event that is a part of the transition from winter to spring. Something you go outside and watch if you have patience.


考生们可以仔细看看:第一个讲座直接奔着主题就说完了;而第二个讲座的开始部分里却有实际的例子spring, winter, snow. Arrival......这里要小心开头的内容考官会设置两类题目:主旨题和一道细节题目(Why does the professor first mention the arrival of spring?)



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